The Ministry of the Holy Spirit
7 Nevertheless I tell you the truth. It is to your advantage that I go away; for if I do not go away, the Helper will not come to you; but if I depart, I will send Him to you. 8 And when He has come, He will convict the world of sin, and of righteousness, and of judgment: 9 of sin, because they do not believe in Me; 10 of righteousness, because I go to My Father and you see Me no more; 11 of judgment, because the ruler of this world is judged.
Helper – G3875 – paraklétos – called to one’s aid, an advocate, intercessor, a consoler, comforter, helper, Paraclete. A legal advocate who makes the right judgment-call because close enough to the situation. 3875 /paráklētos (“advocate, advisor-helper”) is the regular term in NT times of an attorney (lawyer) – i.e. someone giving evidence that stands up in court. One who pleads another’s cause before a judge, a pleader, counsel for defense, an advocate.
Convict – G1651 – elegcho – to expose, convict, reprove. Used as: I reprove, rebuke, discipline, I expose, show to be guilty. Also: properly, to convince with solid, compelling evidence, especially to expose (prove wrong, connect). To find fault with, correct.
Sin – G266 – hamartia – missing the mark; hence: (a) guilt, sin, (b) a fault, failure (in an ethical sense), sinful deed. A feminine noun derived from 1 /A “not” and 3313 /méros, “a part, share of – properly, no-share (“no part of”); loss (forfeiture) because not hitting the target; sin (missing the mark).
266 / hamartía sin, forfeiture because missing the mark is the brand of sin that emphasizes its self-originated (self-empowered) nature – i.e. it is not originated or empowered by God (i.e. not of faith, His inworked persuasion, cf. Ro 14:23).
Righteousness – G1343 – dikaios – justice, justness, righteousness of which God is the source or author, but practically: a divine righteousness. God’s judicial approval. The approval of god refers to what is deemed right by the Lord i.e. what is approved in His eyes. Acceptable to God.
Also: integrity, virtue, purity of life, uprightness, correctness in thinking, feeling and acting.
Judgment – G2920 – krisis – judging, judgment, decision, sentence; generally: divine judgment; accusation. A feminine noun derived from 2919 /krínō, “to separate, distinguish, judge – judgment, emphasizing its qualitative aspect that can apply either to a positive verdict (for righteousness) – or more commonly, a “negative” verdict which condemns the nature of sin that brings it on. See 2919 (krinō).
Also a separating, sundering, a trial, contest, selection, judgment; i.e. opinion or decision given concerning anything, especially concerning justice and injustice, right and wrong.
Specifically, sentence of condemnation, damnatory judgment, condemnation and punishment: Hebrews 10:27; 2 Peter 2:4; with the genitive of the person condemned and punished, Revelation 18:10.
Romans 8:8 There is therefore now no condemnation to them which are in Christ Jesus, who walk not after the flesh, but after the Spirit.